Domestic Robot

Domestic robot is a type of service robot, an autonomous robot that is primarily used for household chores, but may also be used for education, entertainment or therapy. While most domestic robots are simplistic, some are connected to Wi-Fi home networks or smart environments and are autonomous to a high degree.

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One of the earliest domestic robots is called “HERO”, which was sold during the 1980s.

The first model called HERO 1, which was used for educational purposes. The second model HERO JR was generated for personal use. An improved generation of HERO 1 in educational purpose was HERO 2000 which “featured advanced programmability” and another generation, the Arm Trainer was for an industrial purpose and it was able to control the operation of full-scale industrial robots.

However, the most important improvement of HERO 1 for the domestic robot is HERO JR. HERO JR was the first affordable, personal robot with a dynamic personality. People could use it to play songs, games, wake people up in the morning, notify important events, and even guard the home.

Another prototype of the domestic robot was called “Topo”, which was designed by Androbot Inc. and released in 1983. Its programming language allowed it to do geometric movements and perform tasks.

However, it did not have a sensor so it could not receive the order and responded to the order correctly and thus it could not be considered as a real robot. To solve this problem, the second and third generation contained an infrared transmitter and could be controlled by a remote pad.

Different kinds of indoor robots include:

  • Robotic vacuum cleaners and floor-washing robots that clean floors with sweeping and wet mopping functions.
  • Within the ironing robots, Dressman is a mannequin to dry and iron shirts using hot air.
  • Robotic kitchens include Rotimatic (which makes rotis, tortillas, puris out of flour in just a few minutes), Moley Robotics MK1 and Prometheus delta robot.

Security robots such as Knightscope have a night-vision-capable wide-angle camera that detects movements and intruders. It can patrol places and shoot video of suspicious activities, too, and send alerts via email or text message; the stored history of past alerts and videos are accessible via the Web.


The are also outdoor robots. A robotic lawn mower is a lawn mower that is able to mow a lawn by itself after being programmed. Once programmed, this invention repeats the operation by itself according to its programming.

There are also automated pool cleaners that clean and maintain swimming pools autonomously by scrubbing in-ground pools from the floor to the waterline in 3 hours.

Gutter-cleaning robots such as Looj use brushes and rubber blades to remove debris from rain gutters; users operate the device using a remote.

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